Why should anyone be lead by you

Part 1

At this stage in my studies of business and leadership, the type of leader I would like to become one day would be a successful leader. Somebody who achieves his goals, with the right ways, at the least time possible with the minimum resources. I would like to be a visionary leader who recognises that the methods, steps and processes of leadership are all obtained with and through people. Most great and successful leaders have the aspects of vision in them. Along with vision, team leadership is a must for a successful leader. Team leadership involves the creation of a vivid picture of its future, where it is heading and what it will stand for. The vision inspires and provides a strong sense of purpose and direction. Team leadership is about working with the hearts and minds of all those involved. It also recognizes that teamwork may not always involve trusting cooperative relationships. The most challenging aspect of this leadership is whether or not it will succeed. According to Harvard Business Review, team leadership may fail because of poor leadership qualities.

In the current scenario, a truly inspirational leadership and business style can be found in Alibaba and its kinetic leader Jack Ma have blended the best of Western and Chinese technologies, culture and management to create the world’s largest ecommerce company and perhaps soon to be biggest and most diversified global technology enterprise. The company’s Sept. 19 IPO raised more than $20 billion and gave Alibaba a market cap of $240 billion. It also made Jack Ma, already the richest man in China, one of the wealthiest men in the world with a net worth of more than $18 billion.

Jack Ma’s inspiring leadership style has had a big influence on the way I would want to run my company, and he serves as an excellent example for leaders of budding start-ups and established companies alike. The four principles of Jack Ma:

  1. Be an authentic leader. Ma hands out cans of Silly String, encourages employees to do handstands in the office, and welcomes his staff’s candid opinions. He’s relatable and credible, and he possesses a strong sense of character. This is crucial for leaders because it fosters loyalty and builds a strong foundation on which our companies can grow. We don’t have to sacrifice our sense of humour just because we’re in charge.
  2. See through customers’ eyes. Ma runs an e-commerce business, but he attributes his success to not being “a tech guy.” Rather, he views products from his customers’ perspectives, and that allows him to offer relatable, intuitive products.
  3. Develop a mission. Ma has a grand mission. He wants to revive China’s sense of purpose and culture — things he believes were lost under Mao Zedong’s rule. Ma has condemned corruption and given his employees generous equity shares so they benefit from Alibaba’s success as well.
  4. Hire rousers. Ma hires enthusiastic entrepreneurs instead of seasoned businessmen because he prefers dedication and innovation to someone who looks good on paper. These are the people we all need in our companies — those who are natural leaders, adaptable, and dedicated to a common goal.

 

Part 2

Leadership skills I would like to develop.

  1. Have a clear vision
  2. Know and utilize your strengths and gifts.
  3. Be passionate
  4. Live in accordance with your morals and values.
  5. Serve as a role model
  6. Set definitive goals and follow concrete action plans.
  7. Maintain a positive attitude.
  8. Improve communication skills.
  9. Motivate others to greatness.
  10. Be willing to admit and learn from failures and weaknesses.

 

Although I possess few of these skills, I currently do not master at any of these. Also, there are few skills yet to acquire. I plan on developing these skills while doing my MBA in London.

 

 

 

 

 

Managing change

Change is nothing new and a simple fact of life. Some people actively thrive on new challenges and constant change, while others prefer the comfort of the status quo and strongly resist any change. 

In this occurrence, let us first comprehend why workers in an association, oppose change as opposed to adequately affecting representatives of an association towards change. Initially, the primary motivation behind why workers oppose change is that they consider change to be troublesome and nosy as they feel that any change can irritate their everyday adjust in an association (Harvard Business Survey, 2017). Furthermore, workers may feel the dread of losing their status since they imagine that if change happens in the association, the structure of the group may change which toward the end may adjust who reports to whom and whose say will be considered as the last decision (INC.com, 2017). In conclusion, imperviousness to change may happen when associations report sudden rebuilding since workers feel that they may lose their employments or might be exchanged elsewhere without taking them into certainty (FORBES Welcome, 2017). Notwithstanding, in life, to maintain a strategic distance from such feelings of dread among the workers, administration can pre-advise them about the change they are bringing and how that change would affect them. What prompts resistance for change among workers is that chiefs in any association invest their the vast majority of the energy educating representatives about the details of the proposed change however are minimum worried about clarifying them the positive effect it would have on them (Harvard Business Survey, 2017). Subsequently, the above truths and information from surely understood sources demonstrates that Mullins (2010) articulation is off base and administration can find a way to impact their worker’s states of mind towards change which would potentially decrease representatives fear towards authoritative change.

There are different courses by which supervisors can lessen the representatives’ state of mind towards imperviousness to change by taking positive activities. Right off the bat, the administration ought to incorporate workers’ association in the change procedure since when the representatives are thought about identified with the authoritative change then usage of the change turns out to be simple for the administration. Besides, administration ought to talk with workers asking them their sentiments and knowing their emotions towards the authoritative change (Dwindle Barron Stark Organisations, 2017). Thirdly, administration ought to give propel preparing and learning session for representatives before acquiring any new change as this will make a feeling of trust in the workers which thus would help them in adjusting the change much sooner (FORBES Welcome, 2017). Fourthly, administration ought to get some information about the criticism with respect to the future hierarchical change. Likewise, the administration ought to solicit representatives from the association to propose new thoughts or deliberately consider enhancing the authoritative change regarding the improvement of the association (FORBES, 2017).

I would recommend directors to utilise Kotter’s 8 stages change administration demonstrate which would help them in overseeing hierarchical changes all the more successfully and productively. The above model incorporates 8 forms which are: make a feeling of desperation, manufacture a managing coalition, shape a key vision and activities, enrol a volunteer armed force, empower activity by evacuating boundaries, produce here and now wins, maintain increasing speed and foundation change (Kotter Global, 2017).

The benefits of Kotter’s 8 stages change administration model are that it helps in directing the administration by giving clear strides, it is straightforward, it likewise fits well into the way of life of established chains of command and will undoubtedly be fruitful if every one of the means in the process are all around imparted (Change Administration, 2017).

In the worldwide business world, McNamara is a decent case of a pioneer who effectively changed workers’ state of mind towards change. After his vocation in the Portage Engine Organization, he went ahead to end up plainly the leader of the World Bank in the year 1968. By his own style of authority, he changed the World Bank from a little, lethargic, monetary center point to a huge, clamoring, current enterprise while extending loaning more than ten times amid his 13-year residency as the leader of the World Bank (FORBES Welcome, 2017).

Thus, toward the end, the association can be fruitful just when the administration can viably change the working of the hierarchical culture by getting the support from its representatives through tolerating the change. In today’s worldwide business world, change is conceivable in an association by embracing Kotter’s 8-path display for viable and proficient change and in the meantime including workers into the basic leadership handle in the matter identified with future changes in an association.

 

 

REFERENCES FOR BLOG 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Most effective leadership style to managing the work of subordinates

Which personal style should managers adopt to ensure success? What is the most effective approach to managing the work of subordinates? These questions have been extensively researched and debated over the last century, and while the consensus has moved away from ‘command and control’ to management and leadership towards more consultative and participative approaches, there is no single ideal, as the best approach may vary according to circumstances and individual characteristics” (CMI 2013).

Administration is the way toward setting and accomplishing authoritative objectives through its capacities: estimating, association, coordination, preparing and checking assessment. Authority is: the capacity to impact, to make others tail you, the capacity to direct, the human side of business for “instructor”. Different contemplations accentuate angles that different administration of initiative, calling them two totally extraordinary procedures. The words administrator and pioneer are all the time used to assign a similar individual who leads, nonetheless, they speak to various substances and the principle distinction emerges shape the route in which individuals around are persuaded.

The distinction between being a supervisor and being a pioneer is straightforward. Administration is a profession. Administration is a calling. A pioneer is somebody who individuals normally finish their own particular decision, while a director must be complied. An administrator may just have acquired his position of specialist through time and devotion given to the organization, not due to his authority qualities. A pioneer may have no authoritative abilities, yet his vision joins individuals behind him. Authority and administration are two thoughts that are regularly utilized reciprocally. Nonetheless, these words depict two distinct ideas. Administration is only one critical segment of the coordinating capacity. A chief can’t simply be a pioneer; he likewise needs formal expert to be successful.

Best way to manage the work of subordinates.

  1. Coach Behind Closed Doors; Praise in Public
  2. Remember You Don’t Know It All
  3. Prioritize Priorities
  4. Walk in Others’ Shoes
  5. Be Fair Above All Else

The attribute hypothesis which appears in mid twentieth century is among the most vital speculations of administration which positions 5 essential capacities Insight, identity, influence, power and moxy in a person to construct them one of the great pioneer among the various people.

The positive side of this hypothesis is the ability to order the noticeable exercises. The antagonistic piece of this hypothesis is that multiple occasions qualities neglects to judge the conduct in each condition.

In my view, the association’s natural variables alongside the working style of the subordinates ought to be considered before choosing the administration style. There must be an equivalent harmony between transformational administration practices and value-based administrative practices. In this manner, I am totally for the CMI 2013 that there is no single perfect, as the best approach may change as indicated by conditions and individual qualities.

One of the best case of a pioneer who positively affects his kin is Mr. Charge Clinton. He was the person who upheld different battles against HIV/Helps, Tuberculosis, Intestinal sickness and nursery gasses. On the opposite side, the most exceedingly terrible case of authority is Volkswagen’s current carbon di oxide discharge embarrassment. The President, Mr. Martin Winterkorn effectively conned the general public by offering high CO2 transmitting autos and later got denounced for the same. What he did was genuinely unlawful, totally dishonest and hurtful for the general public in general. One of the best case for administration can be Mr. Elon Musk. He can without much of a stretch persuade individuals and make them put stock in his dreams and missions. His dreams are awesome. He is the Chief of space ex, Tesla engines and executive of sun powered city. His vision is to set up a state at Mars. His dreams might be farfetched for the present, yet his diligent work and knowledge helps him make them genuine. His initiative style dependably accumulates individuals to work for him and to change over his dreams into reality. Like Steve Occupations, Musk is a visionary and a virtuoso, however maybe his most exceptional qualities are his faith in his own vision, his drive and his steadiness, declining to acknowledge impediments in his way.

Mr. Howard Schultz the President of Starbucks, a little espresso retailer transforms into 20,000 shops worldwide under his authority, he saw the benefit of offering therapeutic protection to all workers, even part-clocks, and seeking after ecological and social ventures that rouse representatives and pull in clients. (fortune, 2016)

The challenge of managing diverse teams

Diversity is said to be the mother of creativity.

When we talk about leadership, by default we can assume that in a organisation or a team there will people who belongs to different countries, cultures, religions, disability, race, economic status, values, beliefs and so on. There are many authors and researches who showed that diverse team shows a better result. The ability to bring together people from different backgrounds, disciplines, cultures, and generations and leverage all they have to offer, therefore, is a must-have for leaders” (Harvard Business Review, 2017)

Discussing assorted qualities in connection to an association, it fundamentally remains for contrasts among various workers in an association as far as race, instruction, foundation, identity, age, ethnic gathering, and so on. (Multi-social Preferred standpoint, 2017). There are different points of interest of working in various groups. Right off the bat, different groups bring various foundations which to be sure conveys one of a kind encounters and recognitions to an association. Associations can fortify groups’ efficiency and responsiveness to testing conditions by uniting the various learning and capacities of representatives from various parts of the world (Chron.com, 2017). Associations can likewise consolidate differing abilities and encounters of specialists and go for more extensive administration run by offering administrations to clients everywhere throughout the world (Multi-social Preferred standpoint, 2017).

Furthermore, differences in groups acquires imagination an association and aides in critical thinking (Ability Tampere, 2017). Innovativeness originates from limitless workforce who have tremendous number of encounters in managing distinctive circumstances. The same is for critical thinking the same number of workers from various foundations can give proposals in beating different troubles (Chron.com, 2017).

On the other side, it is extremely troublesome undertaking to deal with a differing group and there are a great deal of challenges confronted by the pioneers, for example, correspondence issues, absence of the right to speak freely, higher cost of preparing et cetera. In the event that the group pioneer is not ready to deal with the group, it causes a negative effect on the whole association and on the individuals from the group, likewise it makes a potential deterrent in the association. This influences the development of the association and backs off the basic leadership which can prompt a fragmented or a wrong outcome. Uniting individuals from various societies, is an unquestionable requirement have capacity of a decent pioneer (Ibarra and Hansen 2011:71). To be an effective pioneer, to confront the difficulties of dealing with an assorted group and to disregard the battles, the pioneer must have a fundamental comprehension of the way of life of the distinctive individuals in the association.

 

How to successfully manage a diverse team?

If a manager wants to obtain a high performance and efficient diverse teams, he or she will use the professional and reasonable knowledge to manage teams. Few steps to achieve this are:

  1. Show fairness – Good manages should treat their employees equally and fair to reinforce the sense of belongings of each staff without any discrimination and prejudice in the workplace.
  2. Give constructive feedback frequently – Agood manager should enhance the feedback to make the employees know what they have done well and what aspects should improve to obtain a high performance in the future working.
  3. Communicate regularly to unify the team – A good manager should build a harmonious work environment to enhance the familiarity for every employee. A good manager should ensure everyone participating in decision making process and showing their own opinions as much as possible.
  4. Zero tolerance to discrimination – It is obvious that discrimination will hurt team member’s feeling and confidence. Therefore, a good manager should stop the behaviour which could be viewed as discriminative to someone else.
  5. Build trust and support of team – Trust is the basic factor for employees’ cooperation in a diverse team.
  6. Hold more professional diverse training – The purpose of diverse training is increasing participants’ culture awareness, knowledge and skills with some specific forms to make individuals respect each other and obtain more useful information about their positions.

 

Conclusion:

Managing a diverse team effectively is a vital skill for leaders. Diversity contributes to spark creativity, expand horizons and reveal new ways to approach the company and world. However, a good leader should balance the benefits and risks when he or she managing diverse teams. An effective diversity management can address issues such as poor communication, conflict and create a stronger, cohesive team.

 

 

References:

 

 

 

Leadership and Ethics

This blog is a brief debate on leadership and ethics where it summarises the importance of ethical leadership and how different theories relate to it following with the examples. There are many organizations best known for their leadership where as many organizations and leaders exist who have become examples for the world to know what bad leadership is and what it leads to which is discussed in detail in this blog.

Leader is the one who has the ability to drive his followers through motivation and has the ability to transform visions to reality and can empower others through his behaviour (Forbes, 2017) Leadership is said to be adaptive; it adjusts the behaviour of the surroundings and people and he observes the state of the organization and makes it adaptive and it also acts on people’s feelings and link it to the people’s instincts (Stevenmsmith, 2017)

In this era because of the changing dynamics of the 21st century, leaders are re-thinking their leadership techniques because the demand for ethics is high among the organizations (Jooste, 2017). The leaders are re-thinking the concept of leading people and are focusing more on how to behave than to generate (Jooste, 2017). Because the actions are interconnected, it can affect the employees if the leader is unethical.

The theories have been derived by the theorists to study the leadership roles in detail. From trait theory to situational theory, theorists have evolved the role of leadership with additions to new findings. According to Doyle, M. E. and Smith, M. K. (2017), in relation to ethical leadership; there is an emphasis on the study of the behavioural leadership which states that leaders are defined by their behaviours in certain situations which focuses on what they do rather than what their qualities are. Where the trait theory talks about the idealistic characteristics of the leaders stating that it is an inborn quality which cannot be learned and is only found in successful leaders (Academlib, 2017).

.In the context of ethical theory, there is a distinction between deontological and the teleological theory. The deontological leadership is based on the duty or the mandatory obligation to get the work done and is described as a value of self and morals while the teleological leadership is based on the recognition of right and wrong behaviors and knowing their consequences (Rhchp.regis.edu, 2017).

Every year companies are nominated are ethical. These companies win on ethics because of their leaders that identify their company’s values and implement their behaviour in the employees (Forbes, 2017). Mike Berry the CEO of Marks & Spencer’s UK looked for sustainable change of the model of organization and felt the need to engage the customers in the sustainable change and he developed the internal skills necessary to drive ethics into the company (Ethicalcorp, 2017)

On the other-hand, Apple’s CEO Tim Crooks is also one good ethical leader where he ethically ran his company and made Apple the world most selling brand he made changes to his ethical perspective and made his organization more sustainable and made the workplace more engaging (Independent, 2017)

There is a counter debate on the following topic as well. Not all the organizations and the leaders are ethical and not all organizations are successful with ethics where the corporate corruption is widely spread and leaders somehow come as crooks that destroys the company impacting the employees (Harvard Business Review, 2017) Enron is the far most the best example of a fall of ethical leadership in its context. The CEO got bankrupted and also impacted Andersen which was the largest audit firm and became the reason of its downfall as well (Forbes, 2017)

Summarizing the debate, in my view it is important for the leaders to possess ethics in their behaviour and because leaders are the influencers so they possess the ability to solve the motivational issues within the organization which can be ether the unfair behaviours in the organization, or the dishonesty. If the leaders do not preach honesty, the employees will consider it fine to follow the same behaviour (Employee-motivation-skills, 2017). For organizations to build strong ethics they must know how to drive ethics within the workplace and apply policies which they follow and ask the employees to follow as well and this understanding of ethics lead the company to the right direction. And to beat the unethical issues is to train the staff it is important for leaders to let the employees recognize the difference of right and wrong (Employee-motivation-skills, 2017).

 

 

References:

  1. Jooste, G. (2017). ETHICAL LEADERSHIP. [online] proquest.com. Available at: https://search.proquest.com/docview/1413256154/fulltextPDF/986826F870124433PQ/1?accountid=10286 [Accessed 3 Apr. 2017].
  2. Doyle, M. and Smith, M. (2017). Classical models of managerial leadership: trait, behavioural, contingency and transformational theory. [online] infed.org. Available at: http://www.infed.org/leadership/traditional_leadership.htm [Accessed 3 Apr. 2017].
  3. Academlib.com. (2017). Theories of Leadership, Trait Theory, Behavioural Theory of Leadership, Situational Theory – Perspective management – Academic library – free online college e textbooks. [online] Available at: http://academlib.com/7789/management/theories_leadership [Accessed 3 Apr. 2017].
  4. Rhchp.regis.edu. (2017). Deontologicial and Teleological Assumptions In Normative Ethics – Page 1. [online] Available at: http://rhchp.regis.edu/hce/ethicsataglance/DeontologicalTeleological/DeontologicalTeleological_01.html [Accessed 3 Apr. 2017].
  5. Forbes.com. (2017). Forbes Welcome. [online] Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/kevinkruse/2013/04/09/what-is-leadership/#a2718c5b90ce [Accessed 3 Apr. 2017].
  6. Stevenmsmith.com. (2017). What is Leadership?. [online] Available at: http://stevenmsmith.com/what-is-leadership/ [Accessed 3 Apr. 2017].
  7. Forbes.com. (2017). Forbes Welcome. [online] Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacquelynsmith/2013/03/06/the-worlds-most-ethical-companies-in-2013/#3ff06a085e93 [Accessed 3 Apr. 2017].
  8. Ethicalcorp.com. (2017). Management spotlight: Mike Barry, Marks & Spencer | Ethical Corporation. [online] Available at: http://www.ethicalcorp.com/business-strategy/management-spotlight-mike-barry-marks-spencer [Accessed 3 Apr. 2017].
  9. Harvard Business Review. (2017). Ethical Breakdowns. [online] Available at: https://hbr.org/2011/04/ethical-breakdowns [Accessed 3 Apr. 2017].
  10. Forbes.com. (2017). Forbes Welcome. [online] Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/investopedia/2013/02/05/5-most-publicized-ethics-violations-by-ceos/#559b20fc4bbc [Accessed 3 Apr. 2017].
  11. The Independent. 2017. Apple’s Tim Cook: Business isn’t just about making profit | The Independent. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/apples-tim-cook-business-isn-t-just-about-making-a-profit-9163931.html. [Accessed 26 March 2017].

 

 

 

 

Personal Blog.

The first term in Coventry University has come to an end and has surely helped me understand and improve on a few things about myself. The Skills audit made me realise the qualities that are necessary for becoming a successful entrepreneur and the qualities that I possess. I learnt that I still had a lot more qualities to work on/ improve on. The PDP or the Personality Development Plan focussed on the activities I needed to focus on in order to achieve my objectives.  I learnt that by dividing the contents into parts, I can focus on different modules in one day. This will be very useful for me in the term 2 where I need to work harder in order to achieve better grades and skills.

 

Literature Review 1.

“Air Soft”.It is a sport where participants eliminate opponents by hitting each other with spherical nonmetallic pellets launched via replica weapons called as airsoft guns. Generally speaking, it is a much more realistic version of paint ball. In air soft, we use exact replicas of real guns. Unlike paint ball, airsoft pellets do not mark their targets and hits are not always visible. Combat situations on the battlefield may involve the use of military tactics to achieve objectives set in each game. Participants may attempt to emulate the tactical equipment and accessories used by modern military and police organizations. The minimum safe level of gear required to participate in most games includes a pair of Ballistic eye wear goggles to protect participant’s eyes. A proper military like gear with a 3-layer protection for the rest of the body covering you head to toe. With real like guns, costumes and safety, it is only natural to give a real like battlefield. Airsoft was created with an intention of military and law enforcement training. Proper setups with copies of real war zones are created keeping in mind all details. For a person who’s stressed with their routine work, airsoft can give you a great adrenaline rush! It makes you run around the battlefield forming plans of attack on the opponents and makes you feel like a winner. It boosts emotional perception about oneself. Playing a rough game of airsoft is one of the best ways to vent out your frustration without risking hurting others. The endorphins released during intense exercise also eliminate mental stress and bring a sense of calm. Continue reading “Literature Review 1.”